More than likely, you have heard about flipped teaching. Many faculty, upon hearing about the flipped teaching model, recognize that it makes a lot of sense and recognize that it would be an effective way to engage students in the classroom with the result being increased student success. Perhaps you have considered using the flipped teaching model but have not gotten started yet, with the fear that it is an overwhelming task and you are just too busy right now. If you know that flipped teaching would benefit your students and if you are interested in discovering some ways to flip your class without flipping out, then this is a great time to get started. Keep in mind that it is OK to start “small”; try committing to flip one lesson over the next month and see where that step takes you!
What is Flipped Teaching
Flipped Teaching is an approach that many faculty use to create the opportunity for student engagement through active and collaborative learning activities. In the flipped teaching model, two components of the coursework (lecture and homework) are “flipped”. Students use their time outside of class to engage with the course material through activities such as guided reading and watching videos that were either created by or recommended by their instructor. By moving the delivery of basic course content to “homework” time, the time in class is freed up to make room for collaborative and active learning activities, which have been found to be far more engaging and promote deeper understanding of the mathematical concepts that we want our students to obtain through completing our courses. If the idea of Flipped Teaching is new to you, I want to recommend the following two short articles: 7 Things You Should Know about Flipped Classrooms and The Four Pillars of F – L – I - P. Both are available in short, 2-page PDF documents. You can find these articles in the myAMATYC online community. (Just go to Browse then Library Entries to search for the articles). One way to understand Flipped Teaching is to recognize that the goal is to increase student success through engaging students in Active and Collaborative Learning. Flipped Teaching is the “means to the end”; lecture content is moved outside of class time so that class time can be used for Active and Collaborative Learning.
Active and Collaborative Learning.
A growing body of research points to the many benefits of Active Learning. The Center for Community College Student Engagement has found five benchmarks to measure student engagement; Active and Collaborative Learning is one of those five benchmarks. You can find the results of their research with this link: https://www.ccsse.org/aboutsurvey/biblio/index.cfm. Furthermore, the American Association of Colleges and Universities (AACU) has designated 11 teaching and learning practices as “high-impact practices” or HIP’s, and Collaborative Assignments and Projects is one of those. You can read more about the HIP’s with this link: https://www.aacu.org/trending-topics/high-impact. The amount of data that has been collected over the past decades on the benefits of active and collaborative learning make it clear that this is a practice that benefits student learning. However, if you are new to active learning and want to learn more about its benefits and even find good strategies to start with, there are two resources you can begin with. The K. Patricia Cross Academy is a non-profit organization that shares electronic resources including videos and activities. You can find these free resources on their website (https://KPCrossAcademy.org/). The SEMINAL Project (Student Engagement in Mathematics through an Institutional Network for Active Learning) is also an excellent resource to learn more about creating and facilitating active learning activities (https://www.aplu.org/our-work/2-fostering-research-innovation/seminal/).
The best way to start is to choose an upcoming topic in your curriculum and just flip it. If you are comfortable making your own videos, then do so. If you have not created your own instructional videos and are not ready to start doing so today, then don’t let that hold you back. Simply review the videos that are available on YouTube or through your textbook publisher and find the video or videos that you feel will best serve your students. Next, either find or create the classroom activity you are planning to use. If you are new to active learning, then you may want to review the tips from the SEMINAL project or the Cross Academy that are shared in the previous paragraph.
This month, we will explore student success through the implementation of Flipped Teaching. Whether you have yet to flip your first lesson or have fully flipped entire courses, we hope you will join the discussion this month. If you are ready to Flip…without Flipping out… this is your opportunity to jump in and give it a try!