I see a few ways in which technological tools can be used to promote student learning:

1.) Emphasize conceptual understanding. We should encourage students to use these technological tools as aids for understanding concepts rather than shortcuts to answers.

2.) We can create assessments that require students to demonstrate understanding and application of concepts versus relying on memorization or algorithmic procedures.

3.) We can integrate technological tools into classroom activities. A colleague of mine would give "tech problems" (using WolframAlpha) to his students. These would be things like solving a system of 4 equations, 4 unknowns and it would be an application. He required his students to interpret the results so that they understood conceptually what they learned. The technology took the place of paper and pencil calculations.

4.) Collaborative learning with technological tools can allow students to work with these tools in a group setting. Group work can involve using technology to solve complex problems, share findings, and engage in reflective discussions.

A lot of this is easier said than done, however we can share activities that we already have using technology.

**Fun fact:** I used ChatGPT to help create this response and to give me ideas! These technology tools, when used correctly, can be a big help!

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Eric Hutchinson

Professor

College of Southern Nevada

Las Vegas NV

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Original Message:

Sent: 07-18-2023 10:46:38

From: Robert Cappetta

Subject: IMPACTful Discussion - How should we use AI and emerging technological tools?

Like many people, I occasionally looked for shortcuts when I struggled in mathematics classes, so it is not surprising that many of today's students use tools like ChatGPT, PhotoMath and wolframalpha to overcome difficulties. But "productive struggle" is an essential part of learning mathematics, yet these tools subvert that process. Furthermore, false impressions of student understanding will result in teaching decisions that do not meet the needs of students. One strategy that many colleges/universities are using is to forbid the use of artificial intelligence, yet most instructors believe that little is to be gained by being the "cheating police." The reality is that these tools are here and students will use them.

**Question: **

**How can emerging technological tools be used to promote student learning rather than subvert it in precalculus/calculus courses?**

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Robert Cappetta

Florida SouthWestern State College

FL

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